Copaiba (Copaifera langsdorffii)
Botanical Family: Fabaceae
Origin: South America (Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela, and Peru) and the West Indies.
Copaiba oil-resin extract has been used in folk medicine dating back to the 16th century by the natives of north and northeastern Brazil. This resin has been used by indigenous people of the Amazon for medicinal purposes and as a part of the healer’s pharmacopeia.
Plant description: Densely branched tree grows up to 50 - 90 feet tall. The resin extracted from the tree is called oleoresin and is called copaiba-balsam. The resin is extracted by tapping or drilling holes into the tree.
Part of plant used for essential oil: resin
Extraction method: Steam distillation
Main chemical constituents: Sesquiterpenes (up to 90%): B-caryophyllene (up to 53.3%) copaiba oil-resin showed that this natural product is formed by several components of the bases diterpenes and sesquiterpenes.
Aroma: Base Note offers a sweet, earthy, and balsamic aroma.
PRECAUTIONS: Repeated use may result in contact sensitization on the skin. May irritate sensitive skin, best to use with a carrier oil.
PROPERTIES: Analgesic, powerful anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antioxidant, anti-fungal, skin healing, and an immune system stimulant.
Circulatory – increases circulation
Digestive – reduces constipation, stomach ulcers, flatulence, diarrhea, and Candida.
Integumentary– healing for skin wounds, acne, and insect bites.
Immune/Lymphatic – immune stimulant, flu, sore throats, tonsillitis, and edema.
Muscular – reduces inflammation, hemorrhages, muscle aches and pains, tetanus, and stiffness.
Nervous – reduces stress and exhaustion, is very grounding.
Renal/Urinary - urinary and bladder concerns.
Respiratory – bronchitis, colds, and sinusitis.
Copaiba blends well with many other essential oils such as other resin oils, spice oils, flowers, trees, and citrus. It is also known as a natural resin to use in aromatherapy perfumery.
Anti-inflammatory Massage Oil Blend
Add the following essential oils to a one ounce (30mls) PET plastic flip top bottle:
10mls Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius)
10mls Arnica (Arnica montana) *
10mls Calendula (Calendula officinalis)
5 drops Copaiba (Copaifera langsdorffii)
4 drops Helichrysum (Helichrysum italicum)
3 drops Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
Shake well and use as a massage oil or to use on spot areas to reduce inflammation. When not in use, it is best to refrigerate to extend the shelf life.
Precautions: Do not use arnica oil* on any open wounds or cuts.
This is a 3% dilution blend and should be reduced to 1% during pregnancy and for children (to be used only for children over 10 years old). (Helichrysum italicum). Ginger is a potential skin irritant, and this blend should not be used in the bath.
Tisserand, Robert and Young, Rodney, Essential Oil Safety, second edition, London, UK, Churchill Livingston, 2014, p. 259
Worwood, Valerie Ann, The Complete Book of Essential Oils and Aromatherapy, 25th Anniversary Edition, San Rafael, CA New World Library, 2016, p. 451